ashtanga yoga

Guruji & V 2008

Ashtanga yoga is an ancient system of yoga that was taught by Vamana Rishi in the Yoga Korunta. This text was imparted to Sri T. Krishnamacharya in the early 1900s by his Guru Rama Mohan Brahmachari, and was later passed down to Sri K. Pattabhi Jois (1915-2009) during the duration of his studies with Krishnamacharya, beginning in 1927.

Asta means eight, “anga” is a limb. The eight limbs of ashtanga yoga (astanga yoga) can be described as eight disciplines. Patanjali’s Yoga Sutra describes it as:

yama, niyama, asana, pranayama, pratyahara, dharana, dhyana, samadhi

The first steps of the practice are the four externally oriented limbs:

yama, niyama, asana and pranayama.

To begin with, the third limb, asana (yoga postures), is the most important for us to practise, and through it we can understand the other limbs. The daily asana practice of ashtanga yoga involves synchronising the breath with a progressive series of poses and relevant gazing points. This process produces intense internal heat and a purifying sweat that detoxifies muscles and organs. The results are improved circulation, a light and strong body and a calm mind.

Ashtanga is traditionally taught in the “Mysore” style: a supervised and assisted self-practice. The same series of asanas (poses) are practised each day. New poses are introduced by the teacher once the student memorises and becomes proficient in the previous asanas in the sequence.

People of all ages and health levels can practise ashtanga. A student works with the teacher to progress at his own pace to develop flexibility, strength and stamina via the set series.


アシュタンガヨガは、Vamana Rishi(ヴァマナ・リシ)がヨガ・コールンタ(古いヨガの経典)の中で説いた、古代から受け継がれて来たヨガのシステムです。この経典は、1900年代初期に、Ramamohan Bramachari(ラーマモハン・ブラマチャリ)によってその弟子Sri. T. Krishnamacharya(シュリ・T・クリシュナマチャリヤ)に伝えられ、その後1927年初頭に、当時クリシュナマチャリヤのもとで学んでいたSri K. Pattabhi Joice(シュリ・K・パタビ・ジョイス:1915 – 2009)へと伝えられました。

「Asta」は数字の8を意味し、「anga」には「枝」という意味があります。アシュタンガヨガ(Ashtanga Yoga)の「8本の枝」は8支則とも訳され、8つの進むべき段階あるいは8つの守るべき規則を意味します。パタンジャリのヨガスートラには次のように述べられています。







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